Frequently Asked Questions

What does IOM do in Egypt?

Please visit What We Do to know what IOM does in Egypt.


How long has IOM been in Egypt?

Egypt became an IOM observer state since 1974, and has been an IOM member state since 1991.


Who is a migrant?

IOM defines a migrant as any person who is moving or has moved across an international border or within a State away from his/her habitual place of residence, regardless of (1) the person’s legal status; (2) whether the movement is voluntary or involuntary; (3) what the causes for the movement are; or (4) what the length of the stay is. IOM concerns itself with migrants and migration‐related issues and, in agreement with relevant States, with migrants who are in need of international migration services.


What types of assistance does IOM provide?

Please visit the following to learn more about the types of assistance that IOM provides:

- Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration

- the Certificate in Migration Governance

- Immigration and Border Management

- Human Mobility and Sustainable Development

- Migrant Assistance

- Migration Health

- Resettlement


Who is eligible for medical attention, social support, and/or Assisted Voluntary Return to country of origin?

Please click here to know more about the eligibility criteria and different types of psychosocial assistance that IOM Egypt can provide.


Is IOM part of the UN?

IOM joined the UN in 2016 as a related agency. IOM is also known as the UN Migration Agency.


Does IOM help people emigrate?

IOM provides resettlement services for refugees and works with governments to promote safe and regular migration channels.


Can IOM provide residency?

IOM cannot issue residency permits.


Does IOM assist with deportation?

IOM never takes part in deportations; all movements that are operated by IOM are voluntary.